Yet, France has low levels of cardiovascular disease rates. How can this be possible?
The phenomenon is called French paradox a population noted for its high consumption of saturated fat also exhibits low rates of cardiovascular death. This has often been explained as a result of France’s love for cheese with red wine.
More specifically, recent study has discovered that the real secret of this ‘’paradox’’ is explained by the metabolism of cheese and how is it digested.
In a study at Denmark, Hanne Bertram and colleagues (2015)compared urine and fecal samples from 15 healthy men whose diets either contained cheese or milk. The control group on the other hand ate only a control diet with butter but no other dairy products.
Scientists reported that the persons who consumed cheese had higher levels of butyrate. Butyrate is a major metabolite in colonic lumen arising from gut bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber. Higher levels of butyrate were linked to a reduction in ‘’bad’ ’cholesterol.
Moreover, a new Swedish study by Lund University (April 2015) showed that eating high fat cheese and yoghurt lowered the risk of type 2 diabetes by a quarter.
Ivan Petyaev, a medical doctor, as well as a nutritionist listed cheese to be beneficial in the treatment of cardiovascular health, including inflammation, blood pressure, and cholesterol synthesis.
Inflammation. A complex enzymatic transformation that occurs as cheese ripens leads to the formation of substances known to reduce inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein. This is extremely important, because high levels of inflammation are closely associated with cardiac and other vascular diseases.
Blood pressure. Cheese contains compounds capable of inhibiting the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) that controls blood pressure. The effects could be similar to ACE inhibitor medications used to control hypertension.
Cholesterol and bacteria. Cheeses with mold (such as Roquefort) may be particularly advantageous to cardiovascular health. When these cheeses are ripened through fermentation with fungi such as Penicillium roqueforti, they form substances that combat bacteria. The question arises, “what do these bacteria have to do with heart disease? Well, it had been reported that in more than half of adults, bacteria acting as “parasites” in the liver and blood vessels are responsible for increases in cholesterol synthesis.
Nutrient status. Cheese also provides numerous nutrients that the body needs for overall good health—including heart health—such as protein, calcium and vitamins A, D, B-6 and B-9.
Therefore, you have many reasons to eat cheese. Not only cheese is delicious but now we also know its benefits in cardiovascular health.
So, Mangeons fromage tous les jours – So ,let’s eat cheese everyday!