When you drink alcohol it is absorbed into your bloodstream where it circulates thus affecting the whole body. The blood alcohol concentration begins to rise ten minutes after the first sip. One drink of alcohol stays in the body for 2 hours after being consumed. The alcohol is absorbed by the stomach and the small intestines, and it is metabolized by the liver.

The processing of alcohol is determined by many factors, including if your stomach is full meaning you have eaten recently, the size of your body and the rate at which you drink.

A larger body has more circulating blood in its system so alcohol levels rise more slowly than in a smaller body; this explains why females tend to have more alcohol in their bloodstream compared to men. Also the amount of fat in the organism defines the alcohol levels because fat tissue does not absorb alcohol. Drinking slowly, while eating and also after meals slows the rate at which alcohol is absorbed.    

Liver metabolism is the process of converting alcohol into compounds that the body can use or excrete. A tiny amount of alcohol exits the body via urine and your breath.

At first, alcohol makes people feel happy and relaxed, but after a while it causes confusion and drowsiness. The long-term effects of alcohol abuse are disastrous for the health.

Effects on the brain

Via the bloodstream alcohol enter the brain, where it causes massive changes. It affects the parts that control movement, speech, judgment, and memory. The result is the sings of drunkenness: impulsive behavior, slurred speech, difficulty walking and memory lapses. In the long run alcohol causes the frontal lobe to shrink – impairing the thinking skills of the brain.

Effects of alcohol into your body

Effects on the liver

Being the organ that metabolizes alcohol causes many first-hand damages. Excessive amounts lead to inflammation of liver tissue, causing alcoholic hepatitis, and in time this leads to scarring of the tissue and development of cirrhosis. These changes increase the risk of getting hepatocellular cancer.

Effects on pregnancy

Alcohol consumption and pregnancy is a big NO. Women who are trying to get pregnant and those who are pregnant should not drink even the slightest amount of alcohol.  Alcohol leads to a number of changes in the fetus called the fetal alcohol syndrome, which include: physical abnormalities, learning difficulties and emotional problems. It also increase the risk of miscarriage, premature delivery and stillbirth.

Effects on the heart

Alcohol leads to many complication in the circulatory system. Starting from high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, heart attack, stroke, cardiomyopathy and heart failure.

Effects on diabetes

Diabetic patients are at much serious danger of alcohol toxicity. Alcohol consumption leads to changes in glucose blood levels, causing it to rise and fall. It ultimately interferes with the effects of diabetic pills leading to hypoglycemia also known as insulin shock which is a medical emergency.

References:

  • http://www.health.harvard.edu/addiction/alcohols-effects-on-the-body?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=socialmedia&utm_campaign=082015kr1&utm_content=p
  • http://www.healthline.com/health/alcohol/effects-on-body
  • http://nihseniorhealth.gov/alcoholuse/howalcoholaffectsthebody/01.html
  • http://www.medicaldaily.com/alcohols-effect-body-5-majors-organs-are-being-destroyed-your-alcohol-consumption-291440
  • http://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes/facts-diabetes-alcohol#2
  • 1st image adapted from: http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/02866/cider_2866635b.jpg
  • 2nd image adapted from: http://chessjump.net/images/55133f1be4fb4.jpg

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